Brac is the largest island in Central Dalmatia with a total area of 395 km2 and it is the third largest of all Croatian islands. It is located directly south of Split, the largest city in Dalmatia.
The island of Brac has more than 14,000 inhabitants in a few smaller towns. The largest one is Supetar, which is also the administrative center of the island. The history of Brac reaches as far back as the Paleolithic times (cave of Kopačina). Illyrians lived here during the Bronze Age. Several fortifications have been preserved from this time-period. (Koštilo near Bol, Rat near Ložišća, Velo Gračišće near Selca).
The Greeks traded with the Illyriens, while the Romans managed to conquer the Illyriens in several wars, and added Brac to the province of Dalmatia.
Already the Romans appreciated the exquisite white stone from the Brac quarrys (Salona, Diocletian's Palace).
After the Avars and Slavs arrived in Dalmatia, the Salonitans fled mainly to the island of Brac. The culture of Roman life was reflected by the Statute of Brač (the Law Book), which records the life on the island of the 13th to 18th centuries. Today, this way of life is still visible in the architecture of the palaces of the Brac-nobility and the decorated architecture of the houses of fishermen, sailors and workers in the towns along the coast.
Geography and Climate
Brac is located in the Mediterranean climate zone, characterized by hot and dry summers, short and mild winters.
The island has a central position within a group of middle Dalmatian islands, south of Split, 6 km from the coast. On the western side it is separated by the "Split Gate" from Solta, and in the south by the Hvar Channel from the island of Hvar.
The highest peak is Vidova Gora (778 m high) which is also the highest peak of all Adriatic islands.
All major towns on Brac are connected by modern roads. Ferry connections with the mainland, from Supetar - Split and Sumartin - Makarska are frequent.
The airport of Brač (14 km from Bol) operates in international air traffic with smaller passenger aircraft.
• The Blaca desert - an eremitry or a desert dwelling is located 2 kilometers from the bay of Bol ( 23 km). It was founded by Glagolitians from Poljica in the 15th century who fled before the Turks. Over the centuries, hardworking priests built the church, housing and the economic building. In the rocky terrain they planted vineyards and olives, and they managed to create arable land. They had their boats, a rich library, and an astonishing astronomical collection. Today the Blaca Desert is transformed into a museum and it can be reached is possible by a half an hour walk from the Dragovode area.
• Pučišća - the stone quarry school is located the center of the Brac stone industry. Their workshops and exhibitions are very interesting.
• The Brac Island County Museum - Škrip
• The Dragon's cave is located near Murvica, 7 km from Bol. The cave can only be visited by accompanying guides. It is about half an hour away from Murvice.